This course is Web-based. Credit will not be granted for both ATSC 409 and ATSC 506/EOSC 511. Equivalent: ATSC 506.
The purpose of this course is to a) introduce the student to the dynamical principles governing the large-scale low-frequency motions in strongly rotating fluid systems (like the ocean, atmosphere, and liquid planetary core), and their consequences, and b) to develop the skills required to manipulate and use these equations to solve problems.
In this course participants will have the opportunity to practice their presentation skills, reflect on fresh teaching experiences, learn tips and tricks for their classrooms and develop their knowledge of learner-centered pedagogy.
Crystal structure, chemistry, origin and paragenesis of major rock-forming and ore minerals.
Theory and practice of qualitative and quantitative microanalysis of bulk specimens and particles for chemical composition, texture and crystal structure using the scanning electron microscope, electron-probe microanalyzer and X-ray powder diffractometer with the Rietveld method. Emphasis is on the interpretation and application of the results to solving problems in Earth and Materials Sciences. Students completing this course will be qualified to use this equipment at the Dept. of Earth & Ocean Sciences.
Introduction to radioactive decay, half-life and dating methods in Earth and Environmental Sciences. Theory and practice (one lab a week with homework consisting of applications and case studies) of major isotopic systems. Introduction to stable isot ope systematics, as well as heavy stable/transitional metal isotope systematics. Geochronology and geochemistry (tracer applications of isotopic systems). Chemical geodynamics. Environmental applications.
Overview of magmatic ore deposits and associated ore-forming systems with a focus on the petrology and geochemistry of mineralized intrusions and volcanic rocks. Offered in alternate years.
Lectures and laboratory problems.
The origin and character of coal and associated strata. Petrology, chemistry and physical properties of coal. Sedimentology of peat, biochemical and geochemical stages of coalification and oxidation of coal. Use of organic matter as a geothermometer and inbasinal analysis. Structural analysis and character of coal deposits. Analytical methods applied to coal.
Advanced topics in engineering geology. Emphasis will be on the physics of geological failures and the mathematical modelling of such failures for the purposes of analysis, prediction and design at engineering sites.
Lectures, seminars and laboratories on the advanced interpretation of igneous rocks, the application of physical chemistry to the origin of igneous rocks and crystallization processes in silicate magmas.
Hydraulic head measurements, water-quality sampling, pump and slug testing, infiltration measurements, profiling techniques. Computer analysis of field data. Held after spring term at the Richmond groundwater hydrology field site. Enrollment limitations.
Principles of subsurface hydrology and contaminant transport, development of saturated, unsaturated, multiphase flow and transport equations,introduction to numerical methods used in subsurface flow computations.
Review of the essential methods of Geological Engineering practice, including site characterization, field work, laboratory testing, various types of analysis, hazard and risk assessment and professional issues such as loss control and professional ethics.
Transport of mass and heat in groundwater flow systems; modelling techniques including an introduction to the finite-element method; modelling of groundwater contamination.
Application of the principles and techniques of rock mechanics to rock engineering design. Analysis of projects and problems on a local and regional scale, use of analytical, empirical and numerical methods, and managing geological complexity and uncertainty as it applies to rock engineering design.
A survey of the principal literature.
The course consists of lectures/seminars, labs (3 hr slot once a week) and home assignments. It introduces students to scientific principles of diamond exploration and examines diamondiferous volcanic rocks, mantle xenoliths and diamonds. Several renowned diamond exploration geologists give lectures on case studies, Canadian kimberlites and the present-day theory of diamond exploration.
Students are introduced to modern geochemical techniques commonly used to study ore deposites formed by hydrothermal processes. These techniques include fluid inclusion microthermometry, stable isotope analysis, and alteration/ore mineral chemistry. The initial series of lectures reviews the scientific principles underlying the different geochemical techniques. Subsequent lectures use recent case studies to demonstrate how these techniques may be used, in conjunction with supporting geological data, to understand ore-forming processes in the Earth's curst. Visits to fluid inclusion and stable isoptope laboratories demonstrate the practical aspects of the geochemical analysis. Students are required to complete home assignments and present a seminar on a topic relevant to the course. A final exam is adminstered at the end of term.
The course focuses on topics of current interest related to the nature, causes and processes of tectonism in a variety of plate tectonic settings, including convergent margins, strike-slip margins and regions undergoing crustal extension.
Tunnelling methods (sequential excavation, NATM, TBM’s). Influence of geological factors (rock and soil), design of ground support, and use of geotechnical instrumentation and numerical analyses for tunnelling projects. Case histories.
Model construction, appraisal of nonuniqueness, and inference in linear problems. Tomographic inversions.
Lectures and seminars on theoretical aspects of glacier mechanics; flow, stress and temperature fields, sliding theory, flow instabilities.
A quantitative approach to understanding the earth through elasticity and anelasticity, thermodynamics, geochemistry, and geomagnetism. Specific topics include free oscillations, geodynamics, evolution of the earth, and magnetohydrodynamics with dynamo theory.
Topics to be selected from the following: forward modelling, analysis and inversion procedures as used in multichannel reflection, wide-angle reflection and refraction studies of the lithosphere. Velocity analyses, wave equation migration, dip moveout, synthetic seismograms, tomographic inversion, one-dimensional synthetic seismograms, tau-p methods, waveform inversion, two-dimensional ray tracing and synthetic seismograms, tomographic inversion.
Oral presentations by students of current research of their own or from the literature. Topics chosen in consultation with faculty.
Geochemistry of marine sediments and geochemical cycles in the ocean.
Methods of data acquisition, study and analysis required in solving oceanographic problems. Includes a field school held during the mid-term break. A fee is to be paid by January 31.
Emphasis on the biology of the organisms and the physiological ecology of primary production by phytoplankton. EOSC 370 and EOSC 371 are recommended. Offered in alternate years.
The chemical composition of seawater, cycles of gases, trace metals and radionuclides within the sea, chemical tracers in the study of water mixing, water movement and changes in ocean currents over time.
The solution chemistry of seawater, chemical speciation in natural waters, thermodynamic and kinetic modelling of marine chemical systems.
A course to allow students the opportunity to present their own work, or that of others, orally. Topics will be chosen in consultation with faculty. Students will be expected to present at least one seminar during the term and to participate in the discussion of other seminars. Students in biological oceanography will normally take the seminar twice during their tenure at UBC.
Credit will not be granted for both EOSC 477 and EOSC 579.
Applications of the equations of motion on a rotating sphere to selected large-scale atmospheric phenomena. Topics include the general circulation, wave generation and propagation, barotropic and baroclinic instability, climate modelling and the role of the oceans. Offered in alternate years.
A review of the satellite-sensed data products used in research and operational aspects of oceanography and meteorology. Equivalent to GEOG 515.
The objective of this course is to provide incoming graduate students in all areas of EOS (although primarily OCGY and ATSCI students) with an overview of the important parts of, and mechanisms at play in, the world ocean, breaking down the system by both geographical location and by transport mechanisms. Although emphasizing the interconnectedness of the different basins and processes it will become clear why differences in disciplinary emphasis have led to different perspectives about, and conceptual models for, the ocean. The course is quantitative in terms of estimating magnitudes of various fluxes etc., but dynamics are limited to a non-mathematical interpretations of data based on thermal wind relations. The course assumes a background in one of the basic sciences and is multi-disciplinary in scope.
Advanced studies under the direction of a staff member may be arranged in special cases with the approval of the department head.
EOSC 511 / ATSC 506